Clip art, in the graphic arts, refers to pre-made images used to illustrate any medium. Today, clip art is used extensively in both personal and commercial projects, ranging from home-printed greeting cards to commercial candles. Clip art comes in many forms, both electronic and printed. However, most clip art today is created, distributed, and used in an electronic form. Since its inception, clip art has evolved to include a wide variety of content, file formats, illustration styles, and licensing restrictions. Clip art is generally composed exclusively of illustrations (created by hand or by computer software), and does not include stock photography.
Sunday, May 27, 2012
Phad painting is an ancient form of folk painting that is basically a large painting on Khadi which depicts the heroic deeds of a heroic figure, the daily life of painters and peasants, rural life, animals and birds, flora and fauna. The smaller version of the phada is known as phadakye. This form of folk art painting makes use of natural earthen colors mixed with gum, water and indigo to get the required colors. Phad paintings are one of the most sought after folk art paintings in the Indian art and cultural context known for their vibrant and enchanting colors and features.
Phad painting is a type of scroll painting. These paintings are created using the rainbow of bright colors and subtle colors. The main themes of the Phad paintings depict the deities and their legends and the stories of erstwhile maharajas. These paintings are magnificent and its outlines are drawn in block and filled with colors. The outlines of the paintings are first drawn in block and later filled with colors.
Most of the thangkas are painted on a canvas. Some are painted on paper or leather. Other are embroidered, appliquéd, woven and patchwork thangkas, but the Sketching else forms are not discussed here. Technically making a painted thangka occurs in four stages Preparing the foundation Sketching Painting Framing
The patachitra, the folk painting of Orissa, has a history of great antiquity. The `Patachitra` paintings exhibit the use of strong line and brilliant colors. These are religious paintings which covers themes and events from Indian mythology and Puranas and mainly made on silk or on old cotton glued with paper. Patachitras are painted in a regular series like Dashavatar of Vishnu and activities of Lord Rama & Krishna etc. The Patachitra paintings have a basic resemblance to the old murals of Kalinga region dating back to 5th century B C. The best Patachitra paintings are found in and around Puri, especially in the village of Raghurajpur.
The artists colony, known as Chitrakar Sahi, is in the vicinity of the local temple. Patachitras are known for their bold lines and brilliant play of colors. It is a hereditary art practiced by the family of the painters usually living in the vicinities of the temples. Initially, Raghurajpur and Dandasahi villages in the district of Puri were the only centers where the practitioners of this art lived but when temples were erected in other places in the state the artists spread in other areas like; Bolangir, Sambalpur, and Ganjam.